Cell culture refers to the culturing of cells derived from multi-cellular eukaryotes, especially animal cells, in contrast with other types of culture that also grow cells, such as microbial culture, plant culture, fungal culture and tissue culture. The historical development and methods of cell culture are closely interrelated to those of organ culture and tissue culture. Viral culture is also related, with cells as hosts for the viruses. In other words, Cell culture is the process by which cells are grown under controlled conditions, generally outside their natural environment. After the cells of interest have been isolated from living tissue, they can subsequently be maintained under carefully controlled conditions. The laboratory technique of maintaining live cell lines separated from their original tissue source became more robust in the middle 20th century.
Global Cell Culture market size projected to grow at a CAGR of over 5.12 % during 2020–2027. The market growth is accelrated due to the factors such as screening drugs & diseases, manufacturing biological compounds, and studying the normal biochemistry & physiology of cells. It is also used ontoxin testing and other cell-based assays. The most widely used cell culture practice is culture cells Petri dishes or multiwell microplates as culture vessels. Cell culture based on this may lead to problems like high contamination and the physiochemical environment should be stable. Still, the major advantage of using this technique for any of these applications is the consistency and reproducibility of results obtained from using a batch of clonal cells. The importance of cell culture is in research & production of vaccines, as it allows researchers to study more closely and eventually develop vaccines & various treatments. For instance, In 1930s the researcher had to use live animals to grow poliovirus. Still, with the advent of cell culturing, they achieved much greater control over virus production with a larger scale. This method is still used today to produce vaccines for other diseases. The rise in demand for cancer research and protein therapeutics positively impacts the demand for cell culture in the future period. Moreover, Cell culture is crucial here, as normal cells can be transformed into cancer cells by methods including radiation, chemicals, and viruses, which will promulgate the global Cell Culture market share.
Earlier, the first cell culture method is developed to study animal cell behavior in-vitro for chickens, but today, increasing incidents of chronic diseases have led to the growth of the cell culture technique with the use of advanced technology, machines, and consumable chemical. Cell culture has huge demand in the market due to its use in medical treatments for testing and studying respiratory diseases, drug screening, drug development, cancer research, tissue engineering, and regenerative medicine. Despite high infrastructure cost and large investments required in this technique, there is a rise in demand for cell culture products due to the pandemic as increasing cases of covid -19 has raised the need for vaccines, and its primary cell culture method offers the researcher to understand the respiratory disease mechanisms at a cellular level and to specifically target pathogenic processes using therapeutic compounds. Therefore, vaccine production for chronic diseases is anticipated to boost the growth of the cell culture market in the near future.
Based on Product, the global cell culture market is classified into consumables and equipment. The consumable segment accounted for the highest market share in 2019. It is attributable to increasing demand for media with an increase in the purchase of consumables.
The technology or equipment segment will garner a significant market share in the forecast period. It is owing to increasing investments by the pharmaceutical industry.
Based on the application, the global cell culture market is segregated into biopharmaceutical production, stem cell technology, drug screening & development, cancer research, tissue engineering & regenerative medicine, and others. The biopharmaceutical production segment held a higher revenue share in 2019 and is projected to dominate the cell culture market by 2027. It is primarily attributed to the increasing demand for genetically enhanced and non-conventional drugs and growing regulatory reforms, schemes and approvals for the production of cell culture-based vaccines.
The cancer research segment will grow with a lucrative growth rate in the forecast period. It is due to increasing cases with growing treatment research.
Based on end-user the global cell culture market is classified into Academic & research institutes, pharmaceutical & biotechnology companies, hospitals & diagnostic laboratories, cell banks and others. The pharmaceutical & biotechnology company segment will garner higher market potential by 2027. It is due to the increasing regulatory approvals and large number of players available in the market.
By geography, the global cell culture market is segmented into North America, Europe, Asia Pacific, South America, and Middle East & Africa. North America is expected to dominate the market by 2027 in the cell culture market. The market is expected to grow at a substaintial rate due to higher investment in cell based research, regulatory approvals for vaccines and advancement in technology.
Companies such as GE HealthCare, Corning Inc, Lonza Group AG, Danaher,Thermo Fisher Scientific, Hi-Media Laboratories, Eppendorf AG, Promocell GmbH, Merck KGAA, Biotech GmbH, STEMCELL Technologies Inc and Solida Biotech GmBH are the key players in the global cell culture market.