Cloud seeding or artificial precipitation, also known as artificial rainfall enhancement, refers to the process of artificially supplementing certain necessary conditions for the formation of rainfall following the principle of precipitation in nature, and to promote the rapid condensation or collision of cloud droplets to increase into raindrops and land on the ground. The method based on the physical characteristics of different clouds, selecting the appropriate time, using aircraft, rockets to sow dry ice, silver iodide, salt powder, and other catalysts into the clouds to make or increase precipitation. It is helpful in relieve or alleviate farmland drought, increase reservoir irrigation, water supply capacity, or increased power generation.
The Cloud seeding equipment includes various equipment such as cloud seeding generators and materials, such as pyrotechnics and seeding solutions. These specialized tracers, such as cesium, iridium, and indium, can be added to standard seeding materials that uniquely tag their release points.
Global Cloud Seeding Equipment Market proposed to grow with a CAGR over 7.3%, in value terms, over the forecast period 2019-2024 and generated revenue of over USD 100 million in 2016. The increasing government supports and initiatives in developing and developed countries to increase and become raindrops and land on the ground expected to foster the global cloud seeding equipment market in the future timeline. Additionally, the growing use of cloud seeding equipment dispersing fog and mitigate hail damage will drive the growth of global cloud seeding equipment in the forecast period. Moreover, the decline in rainfall rate across the globe due to global warming and pollution are vital factors estimated to fuel the global cloud seeding equipment market in the projected period.
According to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), 2018 report, global warming is affecting in a way as dry areas becoming drier and wet areas becoming wetter, especially in mid- and high-latitude regions. Furthermore, various government initiatives, including the growing adoption of cloud seeding technologies to enhance the water level in developing countries, will propel the artificial rain or cloud seeding equipment market. Due to the importance of water resources to the global economy, artificial precipitation, or cloud seeding experiments have received widespread attention as a potential means of developing water resources.
Artificial rainfall used to increase rain and snow for reservoirs and underground water storage as reducing hail disasters and declination in rainfall is affecting the globe. Currently, artificial rainfall technology used in more than 50 countries around the world. According to the United Nations, by 2030, half of the world’s population will live in water-stressed areas. In 2016, the UAE provided $ 5 million to researchers of artificial precipitation enhancement in Japan, Germany, and the UAE to study this issue. According to Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) 2018 report, the Mediterranean region is expected to have around 20% less precipitation by 2100 in an RCP8.5 world, with similar reductions also found in southern Africa.
Due to the importance of water resources to the national economy, artificial rain, or cloud seeding experiments have received widespread attention as a potential means of developing water resources. This test carried out in about 80 countries and regions in the world, among which the trials in the United States, China, Australia, and the former Soviet Union are relatively large. According to the World Meteorological Association, in 2016, 56 countries had cloud seeding operations. China, in the 2008 Beijing Olympics, turned to cloud seeding to try and keep the rain away, by inducing rain before the games.
Based on Mode of Seeding, the global Cloud Seeding Equipment Market bifurcated into Aerial Cloud Seeding and Ground-based cloud seeding. The Aerial Cloud Seeding segment expected to generate maximum revenue by 2024. It is owing to this type of model using aircraft for seeding rain. These aircraft have remote sensing, telemetry, air ambulance, and photographic equipment. The Aerial Cloud Seeding including burn-in place flare rack and ejectable flare rack.
Ground-based cloud seeding will drive by its application for low-level clouds over the complex terrain. There are two types of ground-based generators: Manual Ground-Based Generators and Remote-Controlled Ground-Based Generators.
Based on the application, the Global Cloud Seeding Equipment Market classified into Fog Dissipation, Snowfall and rainfall augmentation, Hail suppression, and others. The Snowfall and rainfall augmentation segment anticipated generating maximum revenue by 2024 due to its usage for naturally occurring rain or snowfall in a selected target area by utilizing cloud seeding agents to increase the efficiency of the natural precipitation process. The fog dissipation will fuel by the dissipating stratiform clouds, some small amounts of snow fell.
Based on geography, the global Cloud Seeding Equipment market segmented into North America, Europe, Asia Pacific, South America, and Middle East & Africa. North America generated USD 30.6 million in 2016 and estimated to generate maximum revenue by 2024 owing to the decline in rainfall rate across the USA due to global warming and pollution.
The Asia-Pacific will be the fastest-growing region on account of the government initiatives and support for agriculture purposes due to declination in rainfall.
Companies such as Weather Modification, Inc, RHS Consulting, Ltd., North American Weather Consultants, Inc., Seeding Operations & Atmospheric Research (SOAR), Kyathi Climate Modification Consultants LLP, Ice Crystal Engineering, Mettech SpA, AF Jets Sdn Bhd, and Snowy Hydro Limited, are the key players in the Global Cloud Seeding Equipment Market.
By Mode of Seeding
Cloud seeding is a weather alteration that aims to convert the amount or type of precipitation that drops from clouds by dispersing particles into the air that serve as cloud condensation, which adjusts the microphysical processes within the cloud.
In 2020, the cloud seeding market stood at USD 134.3 million and is expected to reach USD 205 Million by 2027.
Currently, the market is growing at a CAGR of 7.2% over the forecasted period.
The global cloud seeding market has significant players such as RHS Consulting, Weather Modifications, North American Weather Consultants, Seeding Operations and Atmospheric Research, Kyathi Climate Modification, Medtech Corp., Ice Crystal Engineering, Snowy Hydro, Agni Aviation, and AF Jets Sdn.
Rising pollution and increase in global warming, the high cost of cloud seeding services, and others are the reasons that are limiting the growth of the market.